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Foundation Lining - First Footing Liners

Star Geofabric and Tough-Liner are the first linings in the trenches.

Install liners in footing trench

Put geo-fabric at bottom of trench

The geo-fabric provides a slight cushion against any rough edges in the soil.  Line the bottom of the complete footing.  It is best to use 5' wide geo-fabric.  With the trench being 4'5" wide this will give an extra 3.5" curl up at each side which is good.

Geofabric 4x250 DeWitt  Geofabric 

Geofabric In Trench On Soil 

Lay strip of Tough-Liner along bottom of trench

Tough-Liner is any suitable tough membrane and it provides just another protection membrane to keep out termites and other undesirables.

Grace TriFlex  Tough-Liner

In order to provide extra termite protection, lay a strip of Tough-Liner along the bottom of the footing trench.  The trench is 4'5" wide and typical Tough-Liner is only 4' wide.  You should position it on the outside of the trench (against the outer Form-A-Drain.  This leaves 5" on the inside of the trench not covered.

Tough Liner In Footing Bottom 

Attach Tough-Liner along outside

Use 2" wide double sided tape on the inside of the Form-a-drain (2"-4" pieces every 18") to hold it in position.  The Tough-Liner is typically 4' wide.  The top edge of the Tough-Liner comes to the top of the Form-a-drain.

Double Sided Tape On Outer Form-A-Drain

On the outside of the trench this will provide about a 4" overlap into the bottom of the footing trench.  The Tough-Liner on the side will overlap on top of the Tough-Liner in the bottom of the trench.

Attach Tough-Liner along inside

This lines the inside of the footing trench.  It is slightly different in that there is a filter sock over the inner upper Form-A-Drain and the vertical distance is less so there will be more overlap at the bottom.

Attach the Tough-Liner to the inner upper Form-a-drain with a 4" overlap above the top of the Form-a-drain.  Assuming 4' wide Tough-Liner there should be about 1'2" after the fold at the bottom.  This extra will cover the 5" of uncovered area at the bottom of the footing trench and also provide a 9" overlap with the Tough-Liner at the bottom of the trench.

On the inner upper Form-a-drain, the attaching is done using 2" - 4" lengths of double sided tape every 18" along the top of the sock covered Form-a-drain.  The Tough-Liner on the side will overlap on top of the Tough-Liner in the bottom of the trench.

ToughLiner On Sides Of Footings

Corner patches

Where there is a convex corner you will need to cut the horizontal edge of the vertical Tough-Liner .  This will expose some soil area.  Cover this area with a 2'x2' patch of Tough-Liner that you tuck round the corner.

Corner Patch ToughLiner On Soil 

Tough Liner In Footing Trench 

After installing the Tough-Liner if you expect heavy rain it can be a useful to put back the 4'5" spacer wood as a precaution against movement.